Molly, Ecstasy and MDMA: What Are These Drugs?

MDMA is better known as Ecstasy, E, X, Rolls, and a form of Ecstasy commonly known as “Molly”. It is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic. It produces an energizing effect, distorts one’s sense of time and perception, and enhances sensory experiences. Developed in Germany in the early 1900s as a pharmaceutical, MDMA has risen in reputation over the century. Throughout the 70s and 80s, psychiatrics used the drug on patients, believing it helped them gain insight about their problems, and increased their ability to communicate during sessions. However, in 1985 the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) banned MDMA, categorizing it as a Schedule I drug due to its high potential for abuse and lack of accepted medical use.

Upon ingestion, whether taken in pill or powder form, MDMA alters cells in the brain that use serotonin to communicate with each other. This phenomenon induces euphoria, increases energy, sensual and sexual arousal, and need for stimulation, but also causes confusion, depression, anxiety, sleep deprivation, and potential overdose. Other physical effects include increased motor activity, heart rate, blood pressure, and alertness.

The main concern and controversy surrounding Ecstasy is its popularity, especially among today’s youth. Ecstasy is often laced or mixed with other fillers, such as caffeine or methamphetamine. Molly is the “pure” form of ecstasy, and is a popular “party drug”.  Molly is invading campuses, entertainment venues, and even high schools across the country. On September 1st,  2013, twenty-year old University of New Hampshire student Olivia Rotondo passed away due to an MDMA overdose at the New York City music festival, Electric Zoo. Shortly after, the festival managers made a joint decision with the NYC Parks Department to shut the show down.

Parents and schools should learn everything possible about the dangerous drugs, Molly and Ecstasy. To speak with a drug testing expert about drug testing in schools or your own children, click here or call 1-800-21–4469. We are here to help.

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