Employees Who Must be Tested. Each employee, including any assistant, helper, or individual in a training status, who performs a safety-sensitive function listed in this section directly or by contract (including by subcontract at any tier) for an employer as defined in this appendix must be subject to drug testing under an antidrug program implemented in accordance with this appendix. This includes full-time, part-time, temporary, and intermittent employees regardless of the degree of supervision. The safety-sensitive functions are:
Flight crewmember duties.
Flight attendant duties.
Flight instruction duties.
Aircraft dispatcher duties.
Aircraft maintenance and preventive maintenance duties.
Ground security coordinator duties.
Aviation screening duties.
Air traffic control duties.
Note: Anyone who performs the above duties directly or by contract for part 121 or 135 certificate holders, sightseeing operations as defined in 135.1(c), and air traffic control facilities not operated by the Government are considered covered employees.
(Definition from Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy Compliance)
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Substances for Which Testing Must Be Conducted.
Each employer shall test each employee who performs a safety-sensitive function for evidence of marijuana, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), and amphetamines during each test (DOT 5-panel).
Types of Drug Testing Required
Each employer shall conduct the following types of testing in accordance with the procedures set forth in this appendix and the DOT “Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug Testing Programs” (49 CFR part 40):