Transportation Industry Drug Testing

It would be an understatement to say that drugs in the Transportation Industry are dangerous. A drug-free environment in this industry protects your employees, passengers, your cargo, and yourself from expensive lawsuits. Find out how you’re federally mandated by the Department of Transportation here.

National Transportation Safety Board Transportation Fatalities in 2011

Industry Sub-Sectors

Air and express delivery services (EDS): Firms offer expedited, time-sensitive and end-to-end services for documents, small parcels and high-value items. EDS firms also provide the export infrastructure for many exporters, particularly small- and medium-sized businesses that cannot afford to operate their own supply chain.

FAA Drug Testing Requirements:

49 CFR Part 120

Freight rail: High volumes of heavy cargo and products are transported over long distances via the U.S. rail tracking network. Freight rail moves 72 percent of the nation’s coal, 58 percent of its raw metal ores, and 31 percent of its grain, and accounted for approximately one third of all U.S. exports.


FRA Drug Testing Requirements:

49 CFR Part 219

Logistics services: This subsector includes inbound and outbound transportation management, fleet management, warehousing, materials handling, order fulfillment, logistics network design, inventory management, supply and demand planning, third-party logistics management and other support services. Logistics services are involved at all levels in the planning and execution of the movement of goods.
Maritime: This subsector includes carriers, seaports, terminals and labor involved in the movement of cargo and passengers by water. In 2009, water transportation carried 78 percent of U.S. goods exports by tonnage and 36.9 percent of U.S. goods exports by value, via U.S.-flag and foreign-flag carriers.


USCG Drug Testing Requirements: 46 CFR Part 16

Trucking: Over-the-road transportation of cargo is provided by motor vehicles over short and medium distances. The American Trucking Associations reports that in 2009, trucks moved 8.8 billion tons of freight, or about 68 percent of all freight tonnage transported domestically, and motor carriers collected $544 billion in revenues, or 81.9 percent of total revenue earned by all domestic transport modes. 1

 FMCSA Drug Testing Requirements: 49 CFR Part 382


Bureau of Labor Statistics IIF Program: Transportation 

Data Series







Number of fatalities

  498  389  418  474

Rate of Injury and Illness Cases per 100 Full-Time Workers


Total recordable cases


 4.6  5.0  4.9

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer


 3.0   3.3   3.2

Cases involving days away from work  


 2.3  2.4  2.3

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction


 0.7  0.9   0.9


For more information, contact DISA.



1  Department of Commerce

Quick Contact

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.